, Francis presided over his fifth consistory for the elevation of 14 new cardinals on 28 June 2018. He broke records after having gained over one million followers in under twelve hours of the account being up.  On 24 November 2013, Francis published his first major letter as pope, the apostolic exhortation Evangelii gaudium, which he described as the programmatic of his papacy, On 18 June 2015, he published his first own, original encyclical Laudato si' concerning care for the planet.  Media systems differ, too, not only in their coverage of Francis's stances but also in how individual events are portrayed. In May 2015, Pope Francis met with Cuban leader Raúl Castro. , He spent several months at the Sankt Georgen Graduate School of Philosophy and Theology in Frankfurt, Germany, considering possible dissertation topics. The lawsuit was ultimately dismissed. , The Catholic Church in England and Wales as of April 2014[update] had refused to publish results of this survey; a Church spokesman said a senior Vatican official had expressly asked for summaries to remain confidential, and that orders had come from the Pope that the information should not be made public until after October. On 27 March, Francis gave an extraordinary benediction Urbi et Orbi.  Mario José's family left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. Francis also nominated the first African American cardinal (Gregory), while naming the first Conventual Franciscan (Gambetti) in almost 160 years, and the first from Siena (Lojudice) since 1801. Discriminazioni, sesso e potere nell'età elisabettiana: Da Shylock a Papa Francesco (Italian Edition) eBook: Guagnano, Eugenio: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop  The success of the negotiations was credited to Francis because "as a religious leader with the confidence of both sides, he was able to convince the Obama and Castro administrations that the other side would live up to the deal".  Capuchin Father Thomas Weinandy, ex-doctrine chief of US Bishops, wrote a letter to Pope Francis on 31 July 2017, which he subsequently made public, in which he charged that Pope Francis is fostering "chronic confusion", "demeaning" the importance of doctrine, appointing bishops who "scandalize" believers with dubious "teaching and pastoral practice", giving prelates who object the impression they will be "marginalized or worse" if they speak out, and causing faithful Catholics to "lose confidence in their supreme shepherd". , Cardinal Walter Kasper has called mercy "the key word of his pontificate. Therefore, according to Cardinal Müller, divorced and civilly remarried can have access to the Sacraments of Reconciliation and the Eucharist only if they take on the duty of living in complete continence.  According to María Elena Bergoglio (b.  Página/12 removed their controversial articles about Bergoglio, written by Horacio Verbitsky, from their web page, as a result of this change. " Artist and human rights activist Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, the 1980 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, said: "Perhaps he didn't have the courage of other priests, but he never collaborated with the dictatorship. This consistory was noteworthy for the fact that, with the pope continuing the trend of elevating cardinals from a diverse range of areas, no cardinals elevated are of the Roman Curia, and one was a mere auxiliary bishop. Discorso. E apre di divorziati risposati: "Misericordia", Conferenza stampa di papa Francesco durante il volo di ritorno, Discorso del Santo Padre Francesco alla delegazione dell'Ufficio Internazionale Cattolico dell’Infanzia (BICE), Conferenza stampa del Santo Padre durante il volo di ritorno dalle Filippine, Dialogo del Santo Padre con i Vescovi della Polonia (Kraków, 27 luglio 2016), Profile: New pope, Jesuit Bergoglio, was runner-up in 2005 conclave, Seminario: las deudas sociales de nuestro tiempo: la deuda social según la doctrina de la iglesia, Bergoglio: "Los derechos humanos también se violan con la pobreza", Extreme poverty is also a violation of human rights, says Argentinean cardinal, Argentina's pope stood up to power, but has his critics, Bergoglio alertó sobre el riesgo de disolución nacional, Bergoglio: "Estamos acostumbrados a la pobreza y a la miseria en esta ciudad", Jorge Bergoglio, un cardenal opositor a los Kirchner, Bergoglio: opositor del gobierno de Cristina Kirchner, Bergoglio, el perfil del opositor de los Kirchner, Jorge Bergoglio, un furibundo opositor de Cristina Kirchner, Il Papa parla di emergenza climatica e chiede ai petrolieri una transizione energetica radicale - Vatican News, Pope Francis declares 'climate emergency' and urges action, "Il vero potere del Papa è servire i più deboli", Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Francesco I “Vengo quasi dalla fine del mondo”, Papa Francesco: "Bisogna abolire la tortura", Il ddl tortura arriva alla Camera. Throughout his public life, Pope Francis has been noted for his humility, emphasis on God's mercy, international visibility as pope, concern for the poor and commitment to interreligious dialogue. That way they are legally covered. As a normal customer of the bank, the church was forced into a higher fiscal discipline. At the time of their elevation to that rank, 16 of these new cardinals were under eighty years of age and thus eligible to vote in a papal conclave.  In 1973, shortly after being named provincial superior, He had made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem but his stay was shortened by the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War. , When he was 21 years old, he suffered from life-threatening pneumonia and three cysts.  En route to the United States for a visit in September 2015, the pope stopped in Cuba. "Haley Cohen, "Slum Priest: Pope Francis' Early Year", "U.N. should encourage redistribution of wealth, pope says", "John Allen, "Former aide says Francis may close Vatican Bank, "Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Profession: Servant of the Servants of God", "Acusado de tener vínculos con la dictadura; la derecha lo defiende", "Pope to hold major Holy Week service in youth jail", "Elige Sus Nuevas Autoridades La Conferencia Episcopal", "El cardenal Bergoglio fue reelegido frente a la Conferencia Episcopal", "Vatican defends Pope Francis' actions during Argentina's 'Dirty War, "Bergoglio presenta su renuncia como arzobispo de Buenos Aires, aunque seguirá en el cargo", "X Ordinary General Assembly (30 September – 27 October 2001)", "Synodus Episcoporum Bulletin 30 September – 27 October 2001", "Profile: New pope, Jesuit Bergoglio, was runner-up in 2005 conclave", "What I would have said at the Consistory", "Saint Therese of Lisieux – "Saint Therese of Lisieux: A Gateway" Blog – Pope Francis and Saint Thérèse of Lisieux: "To depend solely on the tenderness of God, "Argentine Cardinal Named in Kidnap Lawsuit", "Cardinal breaks conclave vow of secrecy", "Article based on diary says German cardinal became pope with 84 votes", "Ecco come andò davvero il Conclave del 2005", "One of Pope Francis' allegiances might tell us something about the church's future", "Francisco: 'El verdadero poder es el servicio, "Sainthood effort for 5 slain recalls Argentine 'dirty war.  He also spoke out against those who give in to "easy gain" in a world filled with greed, and made a plea for humanity to become a better guardian of creation by protecting the environment. , On the first Holy Thursday following his election, Francis washed and kissed the feet of ten male and two female juvenile offenders, not all Catholic, aged from 14 to 21, imprisoned at Rome's Casal del Marmo detention facility, telling them the ritual of foot washing is a sign that he is at their service. , Pope Francis has regularly been accused by conservatives of having a "soft spot" for leftist populist movements. Following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI on 28 February 2013, a papal conclave elected Bergoglio as his successor on 13 March. E Bergoglio partecipa al funerale. ":31–32 His papal motto Miserando atque eligendo ("by having mercy and by choosing") contains a central theme of his papacy, God's mercy, While maintaining the Church's traditional teaching against abortion, Pope Francis, has referred to the "obsession" of some Catholics with a few issues like "abortion, gay marriage and the use of contraceptive methods" which "do not show the heart of the message of Jesus Christ.”. Of these, 10 appointees were under the age of 80 and would therefore become cardinal electors, besides three over 80.  The Vatican issued statements concerning the hope that the peace talks could resume between Israel and Palestine. I thought about you: may you be an angel of peace. After the meeting in Vatican City on 10 May 2015, Castro said that he was considering returning to the Catholic Church. After recovering from a severe illness, he was inspired to join the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) in 1958.  Nevertheless, Pope Francis remained hostile to right-wing populism.  He said in a televised news conference, "I read all the speeches of the pope, his commentaries, and if the pope continues this way, I will go back to praying and go back to the [Catholic] church. " Although the Vatican had prepared greetings in 65 languages, Francis chose not to read them.  He sometimes made appearances at the annual gathering known as the Rimini Meeting held during the late summer months in Italy. " The pope, along with the Government of Canada, was a behind-the-scenes broker of the agreement, taking the role following President Obama's request during his visit to the pope in March 2014. , The Document on Human Fraternity for World Peace and Living Together is a joint statement signed by Pope Francis and Sheikh Ahmed el-Tayeb, Grand Imam of Al-Azhar, on 4 February 2019 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Papa Francesco. Since 2018, he has been a heavily vocal opponent of neo-nationalism. , In February 2019, Pope Francis acknowledged that priests and bishops were sexually abusing religious sisters. Oggi Papa Francesco festeggia gli 84 anni di età: il pontefice argentino passerà un compleanno sobrio e all’insegna della preghiera. Pedofilia, Onu: "Vaticano ha permesso gli abusi dei preti". Incontro di preghiera per i ragazzi del catechismo, di età compresa dai 6 ai 14 anni, e le loro famiglie. He was ordained a Catholic priest in 1969, and from 1973 to 1979 was Argentina's provincial superior of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). Preti furono liberati", L'Alta corte di Buenos Aires: «Non ci sono accuse contro il Papa», Venezuela’s Crisis Looms Large as Pope Visits Latin America, Il papa:«Chi sono io per giudicare un gay», Il Vaticano non vuole l’ambasciatore francese Laurent Stefanini perché gay, Il Vaticano nega l’ok all’ambasciatore gay, Il Papa riceve l'ambasciatore gay ma conferma il no, Eliseo contro Santa Sede, Stefanini nostro unico candidato, La rinuncia della Francia all’ambasciatore gay in Vaticano.  It includes extensive sections of interviews as well as stock footage from archives.  The cave under the Church of the Nativity caught fire the night after his visit.  His niece, Cristina Bergoglio, is a painter based in Madrid, Spain.  Francis later confirmed the equipollent canonization for Bartholomew of Braga in mid-2019 while he canonized five new saints, including Cardinal John Henry Newman, on 13 October 2019.  Ploumen, who has been involved in promoting legislation supporting the legalization of abortion, stated that she believed the honor was given to her in the context of the Dutch state visit to the Vatican in June 2017 in her capacity as Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation.  The priests were tortured, but were found alive five months later, drugged and semi-naked. 45–46, Austen Ivereigh, The Great Reformer: Francis and the Making of a Radical Pope, Henry Holt 2014, Paul Vallely, Pope Francis: Untying the Knots, Bloomsbury, 2013, Sergio Rubin, "Regresó la misa en latín, con mujeres cubiertas por mantillas.".  In January 2014, Francis replaced four of the five cardinal overseers of the Vatican Bank, who had been confirmed in their positions in the final days of Benedict XVI's papacy.  A simple lifestyle contributed to his reputation for humility. , The Justicialist Party won the 2001 elections and got the majority in the Congress, and appointed Ramón Puerta as president of the Senate.  He was named provincial superior of the Society of Jesus in Argentina that July, for a six-year term which ended in 1979. Join Facebook to connect with Papa Francesco I - Jorge Mario Bergoglio and others you may know. ", "Pope candidly admits Church 'arrived late' in confronting abuse", "Why the Pope's Summit on Abuse Disappointed Some Survivors", "Pope Francis lifts 'pontifical secret' in clergy sex abuse cases used to protect pedophiles, silence victims | Fox News Channel", "Vatican supports Chilean bishop despite allegations of sex abuse cover-up", "Pope acknowledges 'grave errors' in Chilean sex abuse scandal", "Viganò's accusations: What we know and what questions they raise", "Pope's role in study of Argentine sex abuse case draws fire", "Accompanying, Discerning, Integrating Weakness", "Four Cardinals Formally Ask Pope for Clarity on 'Amoris Laetitia, "Pope Francis still hasn't responded to the dubia. Lesen Sie „L'età felice“ von Jorje Milia erhältlich bei Rakuten Kobo. , After being elected and choosing his name, his first act was bestowing the Urbi et Orbi blessing on thousands of pilgrims gathered in St. Peter's Square.  He limited his time in Rome to "lightning visits". Comunità alloggio per anziani " Papa Francesco", ALCAMO. Secondo le testimonianze, Wesołowski adescava le sue vittime anche per strada, indossando abiti laici e un berretto con la visiera per non farsi riconoscere, offrendo agli adolescenti soldi e medicine; tra i capi di accusa figurano anche le lesioni gravi alle sue giovani vittime. Bishop Jorge Casaretto considers it unlikely, as De la Rúa only made the request in newspaper interviews, but never made a formal request to the Church.  According to the Vatican, the pope "at least for now, feels at ease using Italian, the everyday language of the Holy See". " The Vatican signed a treaty recognizing the state of Palestine. He had part of a lung excised shortly afterwards. Papa Francesco I - Jorge Mario Bergoglio is on Facebook. He counters contemporary versions of the gnostic and Pelagian heresies and describes how Jesus' beatitudes call people to "go against the flow". That it wasn't an easy thing to do. , Since 2016, criticism against Francis by theological conservatives has intensified.  The photo was soon proved to be false. Algunas reflexiones en torno al tema de la corrupción, La nación por construir. Nobody should be thrown out or be made miserable because of it.  According to one expert on religion in Latin America, Mario Paredes, the pope's visit to Cuba was consistent with his aim to promote an understanding of the role of the Cuban Revolution and that of the Catholic Church. Lombardi: l'anello piscatorio non sarà d'oro, Papa Francesco a San Pietro saluta i fedeli dalla jeep scoperta, Visita del Santo Padre Francesco al Papa emerito Benedetto XVI, Papa Francesco e Benedetto XVI Incontro a Castel Gandolfo, Ratzinger in Vaticano.  Paloma García Ovejero, deputy director of the Holy See Press Office, stated that "the honorific of the St. Gregory the Great Pontifical Order that Liliane Ploumen, then Minister for Development, received in June 2017, during the visit of the Dutch royal family to the Holy Father, is part of the diplomatic praxis of the exchange of decorations among delegations during official visits between heads of state and government to the Vatican. …Bergoglio was no accomplice of the dictatorship.  The Habemus papam announcement was delivered by the cardinal protodeacon, Jean-Louis Tauran. Pope says it's because he's tone-deaf", "Pope Francis to live in Vatican guesthouse, not papal apartments", "Pope Francis opts for Vatican guesthouse instead of spacious papal apartment", "Habemus Papam! , Instead of accepting his cardinals' congratulations while seated on the papal throne, Francis received them standing, reportedly an immediate sign of a changing approach to formalities at the Vatican. Vaticano, funerali solenni per il cardinale che copriva i pedofili. This was followed in May 2015 with his major encyclical on the environment, Laudato si' (Praise be to you). , In addition to his native Spanish, Francis is also conversant in Latin (the official language of the Holy See), he speaks fluent Italian (the official language of Vatican City and the "everyday language" of the Holy See), German, French, Portuguese, English, and he understands the Piedmontese language and some Genoese. , On 21 February 2015, Francis signed a decree naming Saint Gregory of Narek as the 36th Doctor of the Church; he formally conferred the title upon the saint at a ceremony held in Saint Peter's Basilica on 12 April 2015 with delegations from the Armenian Catholic Church and the Armenian Apostolic Church present.  From then on, he did not visit Jesuit houses and was in "virtual estrangement from the Jesuits" until after his election as pope. It would be awarded only to diocesan priests at least 65 years old. , The pope presided over a fourth consistory for the elevation of five new cardinals on the afternoon of 28 June 2017.  In his homily Pope Francis focused on the Solemnity of Saint Joseph, the liturgical day on which the Mass was celebrated. , Francis has highly extolled "popular movements", which demonstrate the "strength of us", serve as a remedy to the "culture of the self", and are based on solidarity with the poor and the common good. , Popular mainstream media frequently portray Pope Francis either as a progressive papal reformer or with liberal, moderate values. L’intervista integrale di don Marco Pozza a Papa Francesco nel programma ‘Io credo’, per la regia di Andrea Salvadore.  John Paul was the first pope to visit Cuba.  On November 26, 2020 Pope Francis became the first Pope to write an op-ed for the New York Times, addressing issues such as the coronavirus and the need for global solidarity. , Francis called for decentralization of governance away from Rome, and for a synodal manner of decision making in dialogue with the people. Grassi has been restricted from exercising any public ministry but has not been laicized. , As a cardinal, Bergoglio was associated with Communion and Liberation, a Catholic evangelical lay movement of the type known as associations of the faithful. , On 13 April 2013, he named eight cardinals to a new Council of Cardinal Advisers to advise him on revising the organizational structure of the Roman Curia. pp. When he traveled to Rome for the ceremony, he and his sister María Elena visited the village in northern Italy where their father was born. , Bergoglio was asked in 1992 by Jesuit authorities not to reside in Jesuit houses, because of continued tensions with Jesuit leaders and scholars, a sense of Bergoglio's "dissent," views of his Catholic orthodoxy and his opposition to theology of liberation, and his work as auxiliary bishop of Buenos Aires.  He feared for the priests' safety and had tried to change their work prior to their arrest; however, contrary to reports, he never tried to throw them out of the Jesuit order. He claims that he talked with Bergoglio and proposed to take part in the meeting, but Bergoglio would have told him that the meeting was canceled because of a misunderstanding by De la Rúa's assistant, who may have declined the president's assistance. He emphasizes the female talent and the importance of the charism of women for church and society. E gli altri apostoli, Papa: Bartolomeo I, speriamo riunire chiese Oriente e Roma, Francesco-Kirill, l'abbraccio che cambia la storia, Dichiarazione comune di Papa Francesco e del Patriarca Kirill di Mosca e di tutta la Russia, Papa Francesco chiama "fratelli" i musulmani: "Rispetto reciproco".  That same year, Bergoglio said the Argentine Catholic Church needed "to put on garments of public penance for the sins committed during the years of the dictatorship" in the 1970s, during the Dirty War. Woodhead said that many ordinary Catholics would have difficulty understanding theological jargon there.  Francis still appears at the window of the Apostolic Palace for the Sunday Angelus. Il ruolo della Chiesa nella dittatura argentina, Padre Lombardi: Papa, nessuna compromissione con la dittatura, El Papa no tenía vínculos con la dictadura, Il Nobel Esquivel: «Bergoglio mai colluso con dittatura», Papa: Perez Esquivel, false accuse su collusioni, Desaparecidos: «Papa mai colluso con dittatura», Ithurburu: continguità tra Bergoglio e dittatura? Si allungano le adesioni dall'Italia e dal mondo, Il piano di pace di Papa Francesco per la Siria, Papa cita San Francesco: custodire il Creato, Comunicato della Congregazione per la dottrina della fede, Papa mette in punizione il cardinale O'Brien, dovrà abbandonare la Scozia e andare in ritiro, Comunicato stampa del Decano del Collegio Cardinalizio, 20.03.2015, Francesco ha deciso, O'Brien non ha più i diritti del cardinale, Comunicato della Sala Stampa: Istituzione della Pontificia Commissione per la tutela dei minori, La denuncia dell'Onu: «Le politiche del Vaticano hanno permesso abusi su bambini», Discorso del Santo Padre alla delegazione dell'Ufficio Internazionale Cattolico dell'Infanzia (BICE), Cappella Papale per la canonizzazione di 3 beati, Concistoro per il voto sulle cause di canonizzazione dei beati Giovanni XXIII e Giovanni Paolo II, Roma pronta alla canonizzazione dei due Papi: Ratzinger concelebrerà con Bergoglio, Concistoro Ordinario Pubblico per la Creazione di nuovi Cardinali - 19 novembre 2016, Bolla di indizione del Giubileo Straordinario della Misericordia, Giubileo, si chiude l'ultima Porta Santa. The official form of address of the Pope in English is His Holiness Pope Francis; in Latin, Franciscus, Episcopus Romae. [c] As a student at the Salesian school, Bergoglio was mentored by Ukrainian Greek Catholic priest Stefan Czmil. , In 2018, Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò published an open letter criticizing Pope Francis's handling of the Cardinal McCarrick sex abuse scandal.  On 8 April 2016, Pope Francis published his second apostolic exhortation, Amoris laetitia, remarking on love within the family.  Some have explained the level of disagreement as due to his going beyond theoretical principles to pastoral discernment. Bergoglio was never mentioned. The first eleven were under the age of eighty, and therefore, were eligible to vote in a future papal conclave while the last three were over the age of eighty, and thus, ineligible to vote in a papal conclave. He said: "While we venerate the martyrs of Otranto, ask God to support the many Christians who still suffer from violence and give them the courage and fate and respond to evil with goodness. E all'estero investe in petrolio e porno", Vatican hit by new claims of financial mismanagement and lavish spending, Testo integrale dell'enciclica in italiano, Testo integrale dell'esortazione apostolica in italiano, Junípero Serra's road to sainthood is controversial for Native Americans, "Junipero Serra, il frate che evangelizzò la California", da, Les catholiques de France aux côtés des réfugiés, Le pape accueille au Vatican 12 réfugiés syriens venus de l'île de Lesbos, Papa Francesco lascia le onorificenze boliviane alla Vergine di Copacabana, Gran Cancelliere della Pontificia Università Cattolica Argentina, Ordinario per i fedeli di rito orientale in Argentina, Cardinale presbitero di San Roberto Bellarmino, Presidente della Conferenza Episcopale dell'Argentina, Congregazione generale della Compagnia di Gesù, Preposito generale della Compagnia di Gesù, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Papa_Francesco&oldid=117514411, Arcivescovi cattolici argentini del XX secolo, Arcivescovi cattolici argentini del XXI secolo, Voci con modulo citazione e parametro pagine, Template Webarchive - collegamenti all'Internet Archive, Errori del modulo citazione - errori nel parametro URL, Voci con modulo citazione e parametro pagina, Voci con template Collegamenti esterni e qualificatori sconosciuti, Voci biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo, Orden al Mérito "Padre Luis Espinal Camps". In 2000, Bergoglio criticized the perceived apathy of society.  Bergoglio has said that, as a young seminarian, he had a crush on a girl he met and briefly doubted about continuing the religious career. In 2015, Pope Francis declared that:.  Major Archbishop Sviatoslav Shevchuk said that Bergoglio understands the liturgy, rites, and spirituality of Shevchuk's Greek Catholic Church and always "took care of our Church in Argentina" as ordinary for Eastern Catholics during his time as archbishop of Buenos Aires.  However, in April 2015 the investigation was brought to a close. , Francis also confirmed his predecessor John Paul I to be Venerable on 8 November 2017. This was the new pope's first meeting with a head of state, and there was speculation that the two were mending their relations. " On the night of his election, he took a bus back to his hotel with the cardinals, rather than be driven in the papal car.  During his papacy, a number of abuse survivors have expressed disappointment in Francis's response to sex abuse in the Church while others have praised him for his actions. , Bergoglio completed his final stage of spiritual training as a Jesuit, tertianship, at Alcalá de Henares, Spain, and took final, solemn vows as a Jesuit, including the fourth vow of obedience to missioning by the pope, on 22 April 1973. Vaticano: "Cause naturali". Bergoglio often rose hours before his classmates to serve Mass for Czmil. , When Bergoglio became Pope, an alleged photo of him giving the sacramental bread to dictator Jorge Rafael Videla became popular in social networks. The constitution also allowed for laity to contribute input directly to the synod's secretary general.  He was the eldest of five children of Mario José Bergoglio (1908–1959) and Regina María Sívori (1911–1981). , In January 2017, Pope Francis demanded the resignation of Matthew Festing, the 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. It is because of fascism that our father emigrated", "Los Bergoglio, la familia más sorprendida", "3 relatives of pope killed in crash in Argentina – Chicago Tribune", "CNS STORY: Pope asks prayers after great nephews, their mother die in car crash", "La sobrina 'artista' del Papa presenta su obra en Madrid", "Jorge Bergoglio, un sacerdote jesuita de carrera", "Biography: who is Jorge Mario Bergoglio? E' morto a Venezia all’età di 92 anni Amos Luzzatto, scrittore, docente universitario, medico, studioso ed ex presidente dell'Unione delle comunità ebraiche italiane (Ucei) dal 1998 al 2006. Papa Francesco: età, altezza, famiglia, origini.  He also wore the same iron pectoral cross that he had worn as archbishop of Buenos Aires, rather than the gold one worn by his predecessors. La ricchezza dell'età [Pagnini, Andrea] on Amazon.com.au.  Three of his appointees were only priests upon their nomination, therefore, two (Gambetti and Feroci) received their episcopal consecration, while one (Cantalamessa) was granted a papal dispensation from it.  In 2005, Cardinal Bergoglio authorized the request for beatification – the third step towards sainthood – for six members of the Pallottine community murdered in the San Patricio Church massacre.